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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.6

Question 1.
Factorise the following.
(i) x² + 10x + 24
Solution:
Product = 24, sum = 10 Split the middle term as 6x and 4x
x² + 10x + 24 = x² + 6x + 4x + 24
= x(x + 6) + 4 (x + 6)
= (x + 6) (x + 4)

(ii) z² + 4z – 12
Solution:
Product = -12, sum = 4 Split the middle term as 6z and -2z
z² + 4z – 12 = z² + 6z – 2z – 12
= z(z + 6) – 2 (z + 6)
= (z + 6) (z – 2) (iii) p² – 6p – 16
Solution:
Product = -16, sum = -6 Split the middle term as – 8p and 2p
p² – 6p – 16 = p² – 8p + 2p – 16
= p(p – 8) + 2 (p – 8)
= (p – 8) (p + 2)

(iv) t² + 72 – 17t
Solution:
Product = +72, sum = -17 Split the middle term as -9t and -8t
t² – 17t + 72 = t² – 91 – 8t + 72
= t(t – 9) – 8 (l – 9)
= (t – 9) (t – 8)

(v) y² – 16y – 80
Solution:
Product = -80, sum = -16 Split the middle term as -20y and 4y
y² – 16y – 80 = y² – 20y + Ay – 80
= y(y – 20) + 4 (y – 20)
= (y – 20) (y + 4)

(vi) a² + 10a – 600
Solution:
Product = -600, sum =10 Split the middle term as 30a and -20a
a² + 10a – 600 = a² + 30a – 20a – 600
= a(a + 30) – 20 (a + 30)
= (a + 30) (a – 20) Question 2.
Factorise the following.
(i) 2a² + 9a + 10
Solution:
Product = 2 × 10 = 20, sum = 9 Split the middle term as 5a and 4a
2a² + 9a + 10 = 2a² + 5a + 4a + 10
= a(2a + 5) + 2 (2a + 5)
= (2a+ 5) (a+ 2)

(ii) 5x² – 29xy – 42y²
Solution:
Product = 5 × -42 = -210, sum = -29 Split the middle term as -35x and 6x
5x² – 29xy – 42y² = 5x² – 35xy + 6xy – 42y²
= 5x (x – 7y) + 6y (x – 7y)
= (x – 7y) (5x + 6y)

(iii) 9 – 18x + 8x²
Solution:
Product = 9 × 8 = 72, sum = -18 Split the middle term as -12x and -6x
9 – 18x + 8x² = 8x² – 18x + 9
= 8x² – 12x – 6x + 9
= 4x (2x – 3) – 3 (2x – 3)
= (2x – 3) (4x – 3) (iv) 6x² + 16xy + 8y²
Solution:
Product = 6 × 8 = 48, sum = 16 Split the middle term as 4xy and 12xy
6x² + 16xy + 8y² = 6x² + 12xy + 4xy + 8y²
= 6x (x + 2y) + 4y(x + 2y)
= (x + 2y) (6x + 4y)
= 2(x + 2y) (3x + 2y)

(v) 12x² + 36x²y + 27y²x²
Solution:
3x²2 [4 + 12y + 9y²]
= 3x² [9y² + 12y + 4]
Product = 9 x 4 = 36, sum =12 Split the middle term as 6y and 6y
12x² + 36x²y + 21y²x² = 3x² [9y² + 12y + 4]
= 3x² [9y² + 6y + 6y + 4]
= 3x² [3y(3y + 2) + 2(3y + 2)]
= 3x² (3y + 2) (3y + 2)
= 3x² (3y + 2)2

(vi) (a + b)² + 9 (a + b) + 18
Solution:
Let (a + b) = x
x² + 9x + 18
Product =18, sum = 9
Split the middle term as 6x and 3x
x² + 9x + 18 = x² + 6x + 3x + 18
= x (x + 6) + 3 (x + 6)
= (x + 6) (x + 3)
But x = a + b
(a + b)² + 9(a + b) + 18 = (a + b + 6) (a + b + 3) Question 3.
Factorise the following.
(i) (p – q)² – 6(p – q) – 16
Solution:
Let (p – q) = x
(p – q)² – 6 (p – q) – 16 = x² – 6x – 16
Product = -16, sum = -6 Split the middle term as -8x and 2x
x² – 6x – 16 = x² – 8x + 2x – 16
= x(x – 8) + 2(x – 8)
= (x – 8) (x + 2)
(But x = p – q)
= (p – q – 8) (p – q + 2)

(ii) m² + 2mn – 24n²
Solution:
Product = -24, sum = 2 Split the middle term as 6mn and -4mn
m² + 2mn – 24m² = m² + 6mn – 4mn – 24n²
= m(m + 6n) – 4n (m + 6n)
= (m + 6n) (m – 4n) (iii) √5 a² + 2a – 3√5?
Solution:
Product = √5 × – 3√5 = -15, sum = 2 Split the middle term as 5x and -3x
√5 a² + 2a – 3√5 = √5a² + 5a – 3a – 3√5
= √5 a(a + √5) – 3(a + √5)
= (a + √5) (√5a – 3)

(iv) a4 – 3a² + 2
Solution:
Let a² = x
a4 – 3a² + 2 = (a²)² – 3a² + 2
= x² – 3x + 2
Product = 2 and sum = -3 Split the middle term as -x and -2x
x² – 3x + 2 = x² – x – 2x + 2
= x(x – 1) – 2(x – 1)
= (x – 1) (x – 2)
a4 – 3a² + 2 = (a2 – 1)(a2 – 2) [But a2 = x]
= (a + 1) (a – 1) (a2 – 2) (v) 8m3 – 2m2n – 15mn2
Solution:
8m3 – 2m2n – 15mn2 = m(8m2 – 2mn – 15n2)
Product = 8(-15) = -120 and sum = -2 Split the middle term as -12mn and 10mn
8m3 – 2m2n – 15mn2 = m[8m2 – 2mn – 15n2]
= m[8m2– 12mn + 10mn- 15n2]
= m[4m (2m – 3n) + 5n(2m – 3n)]
= m(2m – 3n) (4m + 5n)

(vi) $$\frac{1}{x^{2}}+\frac{1}{y^{2}}+\frac{2}{x y}$$
Solution: 