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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 9th Maths Solutions Chapter 7 Mensuration Ex 7.1

Question 1.
Using Heron’s formula, find the area of a triangle whose sides are
(i) 10 cm, 24 cm, 26 cm
Solution:
Let a = 10 cm, b = 24 cm and c = 26 cm
s = $$\frac{a + b + c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{10 + 24 + 26}{2}$$
s = $$\frac{60}{2}$$
= 30 cm
s – a = 30 – 10 = 20 cm
s – b = 30 – 24 = 6 cm
s – c = 30 – 26 = 4 cm
Area of a triangle = 2³ × 3 × 5
= 8 × 3 × 5
= 120 cm²
Area of a triangle = 120 cm² (ii) 1.8 m, 8 m, 8.2 m
Solution:
Here a = 1.8 m, b = 8 m, c = 8.2 m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{(1.8+8+8.2)m}{2}$$
= $$\frac{18}{2}$$
= 9 m
s – a = 9 – 1.8 = 7.2 m
s – b = 9 – 8 = 1 m
s – c = 9 – 8.2 m = 0.8 m
Area of triangle = 3 × 2.4
= 7.2 m²
∴ Area of the triangle = 7.2 sq. m Question 2.
The sides of the triangular ground are 22 m, 120 m and 122 m. Find the area and cost of levelling the ground at the rate of Rs 20 per m².
Solution:
The sides of the triangular ground are 22m, 120m and 122 m
a = 22 m, b = 120 m, c = 122 m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
$$\frac{22+120+122}{2}$$m
= 132
s – a = 132 – 22 = 110 m
s – b = 132 – 120 = 12 m
s – c = 132 – 122 = 10 m = 4 × 3 × 10 × 11
= 1320 sq.m
Cost of levelling for one sq.m = Rs 20
Cost of levelling the ground = Rs 1320 × 20
= Rs 26400
Area of the ground = Rs 1320 sq.m
Cost of levelling the ground = Rs 26400 Question 3.
The perimeter of a triangular plot is 600 m. If the sides are in the ratio 5 : 12 : 13, then find the area of the plot.
Solution:
Let the side of the triangle a, b and c be 5x, 12x and 13x
Perimeter of a triangular plot = 600 m
5x + 12x + 13x = 600
30x = 600 ⇒ x = $$\frac{600}{30}$$
x = 20
a = 5x = 5 × 20 = 100 m
b = 12x = 12 × 20 = 240 m
c = 13x = 13 × 20 = 260 m
s = $$\frac{600}{2}$$
= 300 m
s – a = 300 – 100 = 200 m
s – b = 300 – 240 = 60 m
s – c = 300 – 260 = 40 m
Area of triangle = 10³ × 3 × 2 × 2 m²
= 1000 × 12 m²
= 12000 m²
Area of the triangular Plot = 12000 sq.m

Question 4.
Find the area of an equilateral triangle whose perimeter is 180 cm.
Solution:
Perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 180 cm
3a = 180
a = $$\frac{180}{3}$$
= 60 m
Area of an equilateral triangle
= $$\frac{√3}{4}$$ a² sq.unit
= $$\frac{√3}{4}$$ × 60 × 60 sq.m
= √3 × 15 × 60 sq.m
= 1.732 × 15 × 60 sq.m
= 1558.8 sq.m
Area of an equilateral triangle = 1558.8 sq.m Question 5.
An advertisement board is in the form of an isosceles triangle with perimeter 36 m and each of the equal sides are 13 m. Find the cost of painting it at Rs 17.50 per square metre.
Solution:
Equal sides of a triangle = 13m
Perimeter of an isosceles triangle = 36 m
Length of the third side = 36 – (13 + 13) m
= 36 – 26
= 10 m
Here a = 13m, b = 13m and c = 10m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{36}{2}$$
= 18 m
s – a = 18 – 13 = 5 m
s – b = 18 – 13 = 5 m
s – c = 18 – 10 = 8 m = 2² × 3 × 5
= 60 sq.m
Cost of painting for one sq. m = Rs 17.50
Cost of painting for 60 sq. m = Rs 60 × 17.50
= Rs 1050

Question 6.
Find the area of the unshaded region. Solution:
Since ABD is a right angle triangle
= 12² + 16²
= 144 + 256
= 400
AB = $$\sqrt{400}$$
= 20 cm
Area of the right angle triangle = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ bh sq.unit
= $$\frac{1}{2}$$ × 12 × 16 cm²
= 6 × 16 cm²
= 96 cm²
To find the Area of the triangle ABC
Here a = 42 cm, b = 34 cm, c = 20 cm
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{42+34+20}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{96}{2}$$
= 48 cm
s – a = 48 – 42 = 6 cm
s – b = 48 – 34 = 14 m
s – c = 48 – 20 = 28 m
Area of triangle = 16 × 3 × 7 cm²
= 336 cm²
Area of the unshaded region = Area of the ΔABC – Area of the ΔABD
= (336 – 96) cm²
= 240 cm² Question 7.
Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides are AB = 13 cm, BC = 12 cm, CD = 9 cm, AD = 14 cm and diagonal BD = 15 cm.
Solution:
In the triangle ABD, Let a = 15 cm, b = 14 cm c = 13 cm
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{15+14+13}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{42}{2}$$
= 21 cm
s – a = 21 – 15 = 6 cm
s – b = 21 – 14 = 7 cm
s – c = 21 – 13 = 8 cm
Area of ΔABD = 2² × 3 × 7 3
= 84 cm²
In the ΔBCD,
Let a = 15 cm, b = 9 cm, c = 12 cm
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{15+9+12}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{36}{2}$$
= 18 cm
s – a = 18 – 15 = 3 cm
s – b = 18 – 9 = 9 cm
s – c = 18 – 12 = 6 cm
Area of the ΔBCD = 2 × 3³
= 2 × 27 sq.cm
= 54 sq. cm
Area of the quadrilateral ABCD = Area of ΔABD + Area of ΔBCD
= (84 + 54) sq.cm
= 138 sq.cm Question 8.
A park is in the shape of a quadrilateral. The sides of the park are 15 m, 20 m, 26 m and 17 m and the angle between the first two sides is a right angle. Find the area of the park.
Solution: In the right angle triangle ABC (Given ⌊B= 90°)
AC² = AB² + BC²
= 15² + 20²
= 225 + 400
AC² = 625
AC = $$\sqrt{225}$$
= 25 m
Area of the right ΔABC = $$\frac{1}{2}$$ × AB × BC
= $$\frac{1}{2}$$ × 15 × 20 sq.m
= 150 sq.m
In the triangle ACD
a = 25 m b = 17 m, c = 26 m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{25+17+26}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{62}{2}$$
= 34 m
s – a = 34 – 25 = 9 m
s – b = 34 – 17 = 17 m
s – c = 34 – 26 = 8 m
Area of the triangle ACD 4 × 3 × 17
= 204 sq.m
Area of the quadrilateral = Area of the ΔABC + Area of the ΔACD
= (150 + 204) sq.m
= 354 sq.m
Area of the quadrilateral = 354 sq.m Question 9.
A land is in the shape of rhombus. The perimeter of the land is 160 m and one of the diagonal is 48 m. Find the area of the land.
Solution: Perimeter of the rhombus = 160 m
4 × side = 160
Side of a rhombus = $$\frac{160}{4}$$
= 40 m
In ΔABC, a = 40 m, b = 40 m, c = 48 m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{40+40+48}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{128}{2}$$
= 64 m
s – a = 64 – 40 = 24 m
s – b = 64 – 40 = 24 m
s – c = 64 – 48 = 16m
Area of the ΔABC = $$\sqrt{64×24×24×16}$$
= 8 × 24 × 4
= 768 sq.m
Since ABCD is a rhombus Area of two triangles are equal.
Area of the rhombus ABCD = (768 + 768) sq.m
= 1536 sq.m
∴ Area of the land = 1536 sq.m Question 10.
The adjacent sides of a parallelogram measures 34 m, 20 m and the measure of the diagonal is 42 m. Find the area of parallelogram.
Solution:
Since ABCD is a parallelogram opposite sides are equal. In the ΔABC
a = 20 m, b = 42 m and c = 34 m
s = $$\frac{a+b+c}{2}$$
= $$\frac{20+42+34}{2}$$ cm
= $$\frac{96}{2}$$
= 48 m
s – a = 48 – 20 = 28 m
s – b = 48 – 42 = 6 m
s – c = 48 – 34 = 14 m
Area of the ΔABC = 24 × 3 × 7 sq.m
= 16 × 3 × 7 sq.m
= 336 sq.m
Since ABCD is a parallelogram
Area of ΔABC and Area of ΔACD are equal
Area of the parallelogram ABCD = (336 + 336) sq.m
= 672 sq.m
∴ Area of the parallelogram = 672 sq.m